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呋喃类|furan

呋喃是一种杂环有机化合物,由一个含四个碳原子和一个氧的五元芳香环组成,含有这种环的化合物也被称为呋喃类化合物。呋喃是一种无色、易燃、易挥发的液体,沸点接近室温。它溶于常见的有机溶剂,包括酒精、乙醚和丙酮,微溶于水。它的气味是“强烈的,飘渺的;像氯仿。”它是有毒的,可能会致癌,呋喃被用作其他特殊化学品的起点。Furan is a heterocyclic organic compound, consisting of a five-membered aromatic ring with four carbon atoms and one oxygen. Chemical compounds containing such rings are also referred to as furans. Furan is a colorless, flammable, highly volatile liquid with a boiling point close to room temperature. It is soluble in common organic solvents, including alcohol, ether, and acetone, and is slightly soluble in water. Its odor is "strong, ethereal; chloroform-like." It is toxic and may be carcinogenic in humans. Furan is used as a starting point to other speciality chemicals.